Kashaya/Kashayalu Ingredients & Local Names

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  • Nyctanthus Arbor – Tristis (Leaves)

English names: Coral Jasmine, Tree of Sorrow, Queen of the night
Hindi/local names: हार सिंगार/पारिजात, শেফালী Shefali, শিউলি Shiuli, প্পরিজাত Parijat, Singarei, பவிழமல்லி, Pavizhamalli, Paarijatam, ਪਰਿਜਾਤ, ਹਾਰ ਸਿੰਗਾਰ

  • Coriander (Leaves)

English names: Cilantro, Chinese parsley
Hindi/local names: धनिया, ਧਨੀਆ, कोथमीर/Kothamir, धोणा

  • Boerhavia Diffusa (Leaves)

English names: Red Spiderling, Spreading Hogweed, Tarvine, Horse Purslane, Pigweed
Hindi/local names: गधा कंद, Punarnava/पुनर्नवा, Atikamamidi, Kirai, Ghetuli, Pananua, Punarnova/पुनरनभा, સાતૉડી, Komme, Talutama, Tavilama, घेटोळी/Ghetoli, घेटूळ/Ghetula, वसू/Vasu, மூக்குரட்ட- ைக்கொடி/Mukkurttaikkoti, అటకమామిడి/Atakamamidi, Tukhm-i-ispast/تخم اسپت, Bashkhira Bashkura, Biskhapra, Nakbel, Baskhapra, Lal, Khattan, Itsit

  • Bryophyllum (Leaves)

English names:  Air plant, Cathedral bells, Life plant, Miracle leaf, Kalanchoe Pinnata – Bimbima, Kalanchoe Pinnata
Hindi/local name: Patharchatta,पत्थर चट्टा, Ranapala, Malaikalli, Sima jamudu (Telugu), Elamarunga (Malayalam), Lonnahadanakanagida (Kannada), Pamphuti (Marathi), Zakhm haiyat, Asthibhaksha 

  • Phyllanthus Amarus

English names: Carry Me Seed, Black catnip, Child pick-a-back, Gale of wind, Gulf leaf flower, Hurricane weed, Shatterstone, Stone breaker
Hindi/local names: भूई आंवला/Bhui Anwla, जड़ आमला/Jaramla, जंगली अमली/Jangli amli, চাক্পা হৈক্রু/Chakpa Heikru, भुईआवळी/Bhuiavali, கீழாநெல்லி/Keelanelli, கீழ்காய்நெல்லி/Kizkaynelli, Kilanelli, నేల ఉసిరి/Nela Usiri, ভূঈ আমলা/Bahupatra, भूम्यामलकी/Bhumyaamalaki, Kiru Nelli

  • Giloy (Leaves)

English names: Tinospora cordifolia
Hindi/local names: Sanskrit: guduchi, amrta, cinnodbhava (छिन्नोद्भवा) ,etc Punjabi: گلو (Gllow), Telugu: తిప్ప తీగ (Tippa-teega), Tamil: சீந்தில் கொடி (Shindilakodi),siva Malayalam: ചിറ്റമൃത് (Amruthu, Chittamruthu), Kannada: ಅಮೃತ ಬಳ್ಳಿ (Amrutha balli),[14] Khmer: បណ្តូលពេជ្រ (bândaul pich), Sinhala: රසකිද Rasakinda, Thai: บอระเพ็ด (boraphét), Lao: ເຄືອເຂົາຫໍPali: galocī, Hindi:geloy (गिलोय), guruc (गुरुच), gurcha, Gujarati: galac, garo, gadu vell, Bengali: Guloncho (গুলঞ্চ), Marathi: Guduchi (गुडूची), Gulvel (गुळवेल), Odia: ଗୁଳୁଚି Guluchi, Myanmar: ဆင်တုံးမနွယ် Nepali: Gurjo (गुर्जो). Konkani: amritvel Manipuri name – ningthou khongli Mizo: theisawntlung Urdu: church, guluncha

Sanskrit Synonyms: There are different Sanskrit Synonyms for Tinospora, mainly denoting its properties or characteristics. For example- Amrita (अमृता) – it is one of the most used synonym. It means nectar. Many formulations use this name of Guduchi. Example: Amritottara Kashaya, Amritarishta, Guduchi (गुडूची)– It protects and guards body from diseases. Chakrangi, (चक्रांगी) Chakralakshana (चक्रलक्षणा)– wheel-like appearance in transverse section of stem. Chandrahasa (चंद्रहासा)– It refers to the moon like appearance of transversely cut stem. Chinnaruha(छिन्नरुहा), Chinnodbhava (छिन्नोद्भवा) – Regular growth of plant even if it is cut-off several times. Regular emergence of plant even if it is cut-off several times. Jwarari(ज्वरारि), Jwaranashini ज्वरनाशिनी)– Useful against fever Ayattha, Amravalli, Kundali, Guduchika, Jivantika, Tantrika, Devanirmita, Dhara, Nagakanyaka, Bhishakpriya, Madhuparni, Somavalli, Vayastha, etc

  • Fenugreek Leaves

English names: Trigonella Foenum Graecum
Hindi/local names: Tamil : Venthiya Keerai, Malayalam : Uluva Ila, Telugu : Menthkoora, Kannada : Menthina Soppu, Hindi : Methi Sag

  • Mint Leaves

English names: Mentha Piperita
Hindi/local names: Tamil : Pudhinaa, Malayalam : Pudhinaa, Telugu : Pudhina Koora, Kannada : Pudina Sopu / Chetni Maragu, Hindi : Pudina, Bengali : Poodina Patha, Gujarati : Fudino / Phodina, Konkani : Pudina / Vodthalaun
Marathi : Pudina, Oriya : Podana Patra, Punjabi : Hara Pudina, Kashmiri : Pudyanu, Urudu : Pudina

  • Drum Stick Leaves

English names: Moringa Oleifera
Hindi/local names: Tamil : Murunga Ilai, Malayalam : Muringa Ela, Telugu : Mulaga Akulu, Kannada : Nugge Yele
Hindi : Saijan Patta, Bengali : Sajna Sag, Gujarati : Saragavo, Marathi : Shevaga Pan, Oriya : Sajna Sag

  • Black Plum

English names: Black Plum
Hindi/local names: Jamun

  • Tindoora LeavesEnglish names: Coccinia grandis, Ivy gourd
    Hindi/local names: Tamil : Kovaikkai; Malayalam : Kovaykka; Telugu : dondakaya; Kannada : dondekayi; Hindi : tindora; Marathi : tondli
  • Aegle Marmelos Leaves

English names: Bengal quince, golden apple, Japanese bitter orange, stone apple or wood apple
Hindi/local names: Bael (or Bili or Bhel),  Hindi: बेल Bel • Manipuri: হৈৰীখগোক  Heirikhagok • Marathi: बेल Bel, Maredu • Tamil: Vilvam • Malayalam: Vilvam • Telugu: Sandiliyamu • Kannada: Bilvapatre • Bengali: বেল Bel • Konkani: Bello • Urdu: Bel • Assamese: বেল Bel • Gujarati: બિલી Bili, બિલીપત્ર Bilipatr • Sanskrit: Adhararuha, Sivadrumah, Tripatra 

  • Pongamia Pinnata

English names: Millettia pinnata, Pongamia glabra, Derris indica, Cytisus pinnatus
Hindi/local names:Pongam Tree, Indian Beech Tree, Pongame Oil Tree • Hindi: Karanj करंज • Tamil: புந்கா Pungai • Malayalam: Ponnu, Unnu • Oriya: Koranjo • Kannada: Honge • Marathi: करंज Karanj • Telugu: Pungu • Gujarati: કરંજ Karanja • Bengali: করংজ Karanj • Assamese: Karchaw • Sanskrit: करंजः Karanjah • Nepali: करेङ्गी Karengi, कद्जा Kadzaa 

  • Tamarind Leaves

English names: Tamarind, Tamarindus indica
Hindi/local names: Hindi: Imli इमली • Bengali: Amli • Manipuri: মংগে Mange • Tamil: Puli புளி • Telugu: Chinta • Marathi: Chinch 

  • Sour Spinach

English names: Ambada, Red Sorrel leaves.Kenaf or Roselle
Hindi/local names: Telugu: Gongura pacchadi,  Marathi: Ambaadi (अंबाडी), Kanadda: Pundi Palle/Punde soppu (ಪುಂಡಿ ಪಲ್ಲೆ/ಪುಂಡೆ ಸೊಪ್ಪು), It is known as Pitwaa in Hindi, Taka bhendi or Khata Palanga in Oriya, Kotrum in Jharkhand Mestapat in Bengali, Amaari in Chhattisgarhi, Pandi/Pundi in Kannada, Anthur in Mizo, Sougri in Manipuri, Sankokda in Punjabi, Aamelli in Chakma, Mwitha in Bodo, Kenaf Leaves in English, and Chin Baung in Chinese.

  • Piper Betel Leaves

English names: Betel Vine, Betel , Piper chawya, Piper malamiris, Piper densum
Hindi/local names:  Hindi: पान Paan, Nagar-bel • Kannada: Ambaadi yele, Veeleyada yele • Malayalam: ബീടലാ Beetla, Vettila • Manipuri: Kwa • Marathi: खाव्याचे पान Khavayache-pan, naagavaela • Nepali: पान Paan • Sanskrit: ताम्बूल Tambula, नागवल्ली Nagavalli • Tamil: வெத்திலை Vettilai, Akilatam, Vetrilai • Urdu: Desi paan دیسی پان 

  • Neem Leaves

English names: Azadirachta indica, Melia azadirachta, Antelaea azadirachta
Hindi/local names:Neem • Hindi: नीम Neem • Manipuri: নীম Neem • Marathi: Nimbay • Tamil: வேப்பை Veppai, Sengumaru • Malayalam: Ariyaveppu • Telugu: వెపా Vepa • Kannada: Turakabevu • Bengali: Neem • Urdu: Neem • Assamese: নীম Neem • Gujarati: ધનુજઝાડ Dhanujhada, Limba • Sanskrit: Pakvakrita, nimbaka 

  • Peepul Leaves

English names: Peepal, holy fig tree, peepul, sacred fig tree
Hindi/local names:  Assamese: আঁহত ahot, পিপ্পল pippol • Bengali: অশ্বত্থ asbattha • Gujarati: અશ્વત્થ asvattha, પીપળો piplo • Hindi: अस्वत्थ aswattha, पीपल pipal • Kannada: ಅರಳಿಮರ aralimara, ಅಶ್ವತ್ಥಮರ asvatthamara • Konkani: अश्वता रूकू ashvata ruku, पिंपळ pimpal • Malayalam: അരയാൽ arayal, പിപ്പലം pippalam • Manipuri: সনা খোঙনাঙ sana khongnang • Marathi: अश्वत्थ ashwattha, पिंपळ pimpala • Mizo: hmâwng • Nepali: पिपल pipal • Oriya: ଓସ୍ତ osta • Sanskrit: अश्वत्थ ashvattha, पिप्पल pippala, बोधिवृक्ष bodhivriksha, प्लक्ष plaksha • Tamil: அரசமரம் araca-maram, பிப்பலம் pippalam • Telugu: పిప్పలము pippalamu, రావీచెట్టు Ravichettu • Urdu: پيپل pipal 

  • Aegle Marmelos Leaves

English names: Bengal quince, golden apple, Japanese bitter orange, stone apple or wood apple
Hindi/local names: Bael (or Bili or Bhel),  Hindi: बेल Bel • Manipuri: হৈৰীখগোক  Heirikhagok • Marathi: बेल Bel, Maredu • Tamil: Vilvam • Malayalam: Vilvam • Telugu: Sandiliyamu • Kannada: Bilvapatre • Bengali: বেল Bel • Konkani: Bello • Urdu: Bel • Assamese: বেল Bel • Gujarati: બિલી Bili, બિલીપત્ર Bilipatr • Sanskrit: Adhararuha, Sivadrumah, Tripatra 

  • Pongamia Pinnata

English names: Millettia pinnata, Pongamia glabra, Derris indica, Cytisus pinnatus
Hindi/local names:Pongam Tree, Indian Beech Tree, Pongame Oil Tree • Hindi: Karanj करंज • Tamil: புந்கா Pungai • Malayalam: Ponnu, Unnu • Oriya: Koranjo • Kannada: Honge • Marathi: करंज Karanj • Telugu: Pungu • Gujarati: કરંજ Karanja • Bengali: করংজ Karanj • Assamese: Karchaw • Sanskrit: करंजः Karanjah • Nepali: करेङ्गी Karengi, कद्जा Kadzaa 

  • Tamarind Leaves

English names: Tamarind, Tamarindus indica
Hindi/local names: Hindi: Imli इमली • Bengali: Amli • Manipuri: মংগে Mange • Tamil: Puli புளி • Telugu: Chinta • Marathi: Chinch 

  • Sour Spinach

English names: Ambada, Red Sorrel leaves.Kenaf or Roselle
Hindi/local names: Telugu: Gongura pacchadi,  Marathi: Ambaadi (अंबाडी), Kanadda: Pundi Palle/Punde soppu (ಪುಂಡಿ ಪಲ್ಲೆ/ಪುಂಡೆ ಸೊಪ್ಪು), It is known as Pitwaa in Hindi, Taka bhendi or Khata Palanga in Oriya, Kotrum in Jharkhand Mestapat in Bengali, Amaari in Chhattisgarhi, Pandi/Pundi in Kannada, Anthur in Mizo, Sougri in Manipuri, Sankokda in Punjabi, Aamelli in Chakma, Mwitha in Bodo, Kenaf Leaves in English, and Chin Baung in Chinese.

  • Piper Betel Leaves

English names: Betel Vine, Betel , Piper chawya, Piper malamiris, Piper densum
Hindi/local names:  Hindi: पान Paan, Nagar-bel • Kannada: Ambaadi yele, Veeleyada yele • Malayalam: ബീടലാ Beetla, Vettila • Manipuri: Kwa • Marathi: खाव्याचे पान Khavayache-pan, naagavaela • Nepali: पान Paan • Sanskrit: ताम्बूल Tambula, नागवल्ली Nagavalli • Tamil: வெத்திலை Vettilai, Akilatam, Vetrilai • Urdu: Desi paan دیسی پان 

  • Neem Leaves

English names: Azadirachta indica, Melia azadirachta, Antelaea azadirachta
Hindi/local names:Neem • Hindi: नीम Neem • Manipuri: নীম Neem • Marathi: Nimbay • Tamil: வேப்பை Veppai, Sengumaru • Malayalam: Ariyaveppu • Telugu: వెపా Vepa • Kannada: Turakabevu • Bengali: Neem • Urdu: Neem • Assamese: নীম Neem • Gujarati: ધનુજઝાડ Dhanujhada, Limba • Sanskrit: Pakvakrita, nimbaka 

  • Peepul Leaves

English names: Peepal, holy fig tree, peepul, sacred fig tree
Hindi/local names:  Assamese: আঁহত ahot, পিপ্পল pippol • Bengali: অশ্বত্থ asbattha • Gujarati: અશ્વત્થ asvattha, પીપળો piplo • Hindi: अस्वत्थ aswattha, पीपल pipal • Kannada: ಅರಳಿಮರ aralimara, ಅಶ್ವತ್ಥಮರ asvatthamara • Konkani: अश्वता रूकू ashvata ruku, पिंपळ pimpal • Malayalam: അരയാൽ arayal, പിപ്പലം pippalam • Manipuri: সনা খোঙনাঙ sana khongnang • Marathi: अश्वत्थ ashwattha, पिंपळ pimpala • Mizo: hmâwng • Nepali: पिपल pipal • Oriya: ଓସ୍ତ osta • Sanskrit: अश्वत्थ ashvattha, पिप्पल pippala, बोधिवृक्ष bodhivriksha, प्लक्ष plaksha • Tamil: அரசமரம் araca-maram, பிப்பலம் pippalam • Telugu: పిప్పలము pippalamu, రావీచెట్టు Ravichettu • Urdu: پيپل pipal 

  • Holy Basil

English names: Ocimum sanctum, Ocimum tenuiflorum 
Hindi/local names: Hindi: Tulsi तुलसी • Malayalam: Trittavu • Marathi: Tulshi • Manipuri: Tulsi 

  • Cactus Grandiflorus

English/other names:

    • Afrikaans: Koningin van die Nag
    • Chinese:Shé Bian Zhu (蛇鞭柱, Column of snake-like rope)
    • Czech: Královna noci
    • Danish: Nattens Dronning
    • Dutch: Koningin van de Nacht
    • English: Queen of the night, night-blooming cereus, large-flowering cactus, sweet-scented cactus, vanilla cactus, lunar flower, large blooming cereus, large flowered torch thistle, large-flowered night cactus
    • Estonian: Öökuninganna
    • Finnish: Yönkuningatar
    • French: reine de la nuit, princesse de la nuit, cierge à grande fleurs, vierge à grandes fleurs, cierge rampant à grandes fleurs, fleur d’amour
    • German: Königin der Nacht
    • Italian: cacto grandifloro, regina della notte
    • Japanese: Gekka Bijin (Beautiful woman under the moon)
    • Polish: Królowa Jednej Nocy
    • Portuguese: flor-de-baile, cardeiro trepador
    • Romanian: Cactus din Antilele Olandeze
    • Russkij: Carica noči
    • Serbian: Carica nočji
    • Sinhalese: Kadupul (කඩුපුල්)
    • Spanish: Reina de las Flores, Reina Gigante, Cardon, Gigante, Organillo, Reina de la noche.
    • Swedish: nattens drottning
    • Arabic:ملكة الليلMalikat Al lail
    • Vietnamese: Hoa quỳnh
  • Rauvolfia Serpentine Leaves

English names: Rauvolfia Serpentina, Indian snakeroot
Hindi/local names: Sarpagandha सर्पगंधा

  • Cumin Seeds

English names:  Cuminum Cyminum
Hindi/local names: Tamil : Seerakam / Jeerakam, Malayalam : Jeerakam, Telugu : Jeelakara / Jidakara / Jikaka, Kannada : Jeerige, Hindi : Jeera / Jeeru / Safaid Jeera / Zeera / Shimai Shombu, Gujarati : Jeeru / Jiru / Safed Jiraun, Konkani : Jeerey / Jeren, Marathi : Jeera / Jeregire, Oriya : Jira / Jeera, Kashmiri : Zyur

  • Bermuda Grass

English names: Cynodon Dactylon
Hindi/local names: Assamese: Dubari • Bengali: দুর্বা Durba • Hindi: दूब Doob, Dobri • Kannada: garikehullu, balli garike, ambate hullu • Manipuri: তিঙথৌ Tingthou • Marathi: haryali, dhurva • Mizo: phaitualhnim • Oriya: dubbo ghas • Sanskrit: Niladurva, saddala, ananta • Tamil: Arugampillu, Arukampillu, muyalpul • Telugu: Ghericha, gerichagaddi • Urdu: Doob 

  • Various Seeds & Herbs
    • Turmeric (हल्दी, ਹਲਦੀ)
    • Mustard Seeds (सरसों के बीज)
    • Fenugreek Seeds (मेथी के बीज)
    • Cumin Seeds (जीरा)
    • Black Pepper (काली मिर्च)
    • Ginger (अदरक)
    • Cinnamon (दालचीनी)
    • Sesame Seeds (तिल)
    • Cucumber (खीरा)
    • Curry Leaves (मीठा नीम, कढ़ी पत्ता)
    • Beetroot (चुकुन्दर)